Action Against Hunger

Reporter Sep 21, 2022

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Call for Expression of Interest

In-depth Annual Need Assessment Data analysis and report writeup

Action Against Hunger is a non-profit humanitarian organization implementing relief, emergency, and development programs in different parts of Ethiopia since 1985. Action Against Hunger has been registered as a Foreign Charity with the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Charities and Societies Agency under registration no. 0032.

Annually, Action Against Hunger has undertaken an in-depth annual need assessment to identify and analyze communities pressing needs, gaps, and priorities. Action Against Hunger is always exploring effective ways where we could serve the community we aim to support. Considering the upcoming new proposal for 2023, Action Against Hunger would like to conduct a needs assessment in its intervention areas to identify the pressing needs of communities and people affected by drought, conflict, and natural hazards to better prepare and plan the assistance timely.

Likewise, the 2022 assessment is planned to be held from September to October 2022.

Purpose of the assignment

The general objective of the needs assessment is to identify the pressing needs, priorities, and capacity of communities affected by drought, crisis, and natural hazards and thereby mobilize resources to address the basic needs and create resilience among the community.

Objectives of the assessment

The specific objective is to collect and compile preliminary information to help Action Against Hunger and its partners understand the pressing and priority needs of the community, and identify realistic options for response. and provide clear recommendations to help in decision-making on the appropriate response based on the humanitarian imperatives and donor strategic priorities.

Specifically;

  • To identify the most pressing needs of the community, analyze the gaps, including the scope and type of required interventions
  • To assess the capacity and limitation of existing institutions, facilities, and other community-based structures in response to the crisis
  • To understand the behavior and coping mechanism of the community towards the response to the current situation.
  • To review and provide options and relevant recommendations for multisectoral humanitarian response

Conceptual framework

The theoretical framework for essential needs assessments is based on the view that meeting essential needs is a requirement for well-being. It takes a household perspective, acknowledging the influence of community and individual-level factors on nutrition and well-being. Households adopt certain livelihood strategies depending on their access to assets, institutions and services and their economic capacities. These influence their capacity to meet their essential needs and therefore their wellbeing.

To understand how households meet their essential needs, which needs are unmet and why the essential needs assessment uses indicators that measure different aspects of the framework. The framework is based on the food and nutrition security conceptual framework and is therefore rooted in the ideas that underpin the sustainable livelihoods framework.

Scope of the assessment

Geographically, the assessment will cover all operational regions of the organization. This includes Gambella, Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, and Somali regions. In each target region, the concerns and needs of the host community, IDPs, and refugees will be discussed and analyzed. Whereas in terms of technical attention, the assessment will try to address the needs and priorities of the community regarding health and nutrition services, WASH, food security and livelihood, protection, and emergency shelter/NFI. The assessment will analyze gaps in the areas of food security and livelihood, shelter and non-food items, WASH, nutrition and health, education, and protection. Finally, the assessment will examine the community priorities needs.

Tabla 1: Location of the assessment

Targeted Location

 

#

REGION/CITIES

Zone

Woreda

Kebeles

1

Oromia

4

14

383

 

Borena

 

4

79

 

East Harerghe

 

3

141

 

West Wollega

 

4

102

 

Kellem Wollega

 

3

61

2

Amhara

2

8

113

 

Waghimra1

 

6

113

 

South Gondar2

 

2

TBD

3

Somali

2

6

93

 

Shebelle

 

4

70

 

Korahe

 

1

15

 

Afdar

 

1

7

4

Tigray

3

10

91

 

South Eastern

 

3

23

 

Central

 

6

60

 

Mekelle city

 

1

8 IDP Sites

5

Benishangul-Gumuz

1

3

TBD

 

Asosa (Bambasi and Odu)

 

2

TBD

 

 

 

 

 

6

Gambella

2

3

67

 

Camp

 

5

NA

 

Agnwak

 

1

16

 

Nuer

 

2

51

Total

Region

Zone

Woreda

Kebele

Camp

 

6

15

43

779

5

 Methodology

Data Measuring Levels

Data will be measured on the following levels.

Community: Information is collected at the community level (for example, through community group discussions), and is designed to provide an overview of a specific community or key informants reporting on a specific geographical area.

Institution: Information is collected at the level of an institution or facility.

This type of data gathering is commonly employed in health assessments

Household: Surveys will often ask questions that require a respondent to report as a representative of an entire household. Magnitude

Individual: Surveys can also ask questions at the individual level (requiring the respondent to report on their own opinions, experiences. and perceptions). It is also possible to interview at the individual level.

Action Against Hunger team will develop the range of data collection tools, lead and manage qualitative and quantitative data collection and share the dataset with the contracted firm for analysis and report write-up

The external consultancy firm will clean and analyze the dataset and produce an assessment report with key recommendations to help in decision-making on the appropriate response based on the humanitarian imperatives and donor strategic priorities. The consultancy will review and analyze the relevant documents including but not limited to primary and secondary data sources.

Methods of data collection

This survey methodology is expected to include: Data should be further disaggregated by gender and people with disability. The assessment team will entirely rely on the primary information source and methods to compile both quantitative and qualitative data for the assessment.

Primary data

Primary data sources will include mixed methodologies, using multiple means of collecting information to fill the identified gaps. This will include, Key Informant Interviews (KII): will be used to triangulate and contextualize the quantitative findings. Structured interviews will be conducted with the selected individuals who are identified to have specific knowledge required in this assessment. They will provide answers on behalf of the larger community and institutions they present as well as their own personal views. Kll for this assessment will be done at the zonal level, Woreda level, and kebele level. The targeted individuals will be Government officials, Health workers, Community leaders, CSO representatives, and religious leaders.

Focus Group Discussion (FGD): Structured group discussions will be conducted, with small homogenous groups of people who will be identified by the preselection criteria. They will be conducted at the woreda level and kebele level. The focus group discussion will consist of groups of women and men group.

Observation: Direct observations by the enumerators will be happening in the process of collecting data. This will include observing the environment in terms of availability of health facilities, access and status of service delivery sites, physical wellbeing of Children, and reactions of the interviewers among others that are directly related to this assessment.

Household Survey: This will be conducted to get essential information, which is not readily available in other sources. Such as demographics and the severity of the problem at the household level. The sample size will be randomly selected, following the sampling plan provided.

Sampling

Non-probability sampling approach will be used because of the time limitation for this assessment. Participants to the assessments will be selected by use of purposive sampling targeting those members of the society known to have the information required to feed in the assessment and random sampling for the Household surveys. Sampling for the Key Informants Interviews (Kils) and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in the qualitative phase will be selected purposively.

Population

Tabla 2: Sample frame

 

Targeted location

HH Survey

#

Bases

Zone

#Woredas

# of Kebeles

Estimated population

384

1

Borena

1

3

79

427,076

54

2

Harer

1

3

141

535,412

199

3

Wollega

3

9

203

1,099,303

170

4

Gambela3

4

8

67

384,324

176

5

Tigray

3

10

91

474,565

229

6

Somali

2

6

85

364,812

61

7

Amhara

2

8

113

507,580

231

 

TOTALS

14

47

779

3,793,072

384

 

The sample size was calculated using the sample calculator https://www. surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm. With a confidence level of 95% Sample size and distribution

Zonal structures will be selected purposely and all zones in each base will be part of the assessment. Whereas we will use mixed sampling techniques for the selection of Woreda and Kebeles in each zone and the selection process will take into account the severity of the humanitarian crisis, accessibility and security situation of selected locations.

Households will be selected randomly and household heads are purposely contacted to give the required information.

As mentioned above, Kll will be conducted with government official representatives including DRM, Water and energy, health office, women and child office and agriculture office and ARRA, health workers encompassing health extension workers. In addition to these, representatives of community and religious leaders will be part of the assessment.

Sample size determination

It is difficult to assess the entire population because of feasibility and cost constraints. So, determining an efficient sample size has great importance to overcome such challenges.

To determine the sample size for 2022 annual need assessement sample

size formula will be used for household assessment for each location.

n=c2Np(1-P)

(A2N)+(c2p[1-p])

(Bhattacherjee, 2012).

Tabla 3: Community representative sample frame

 

Questionnaires

Bases

Sample zone

Sample Woreda

NH(2KUfrom sample zone representative  and 3 home each woreda )

HH Survey

FGD/Woreda (one FGD/woreda with different sex group)

Borena

1

3

9

45

3

Harar

1

2

7

56

2

Wollega

3

6

24

115

6

Gambella4

3

2

12

26

2

Tigray

2

5

19

50

5

Somali

2

3

13

39

3

Amhara

1

4

15

53

4

total

14

25

99

384

25

10% of non-respondent

 

 

109

422

28

 

2. Deliverables

The Consultant will be expected to deliver the following key tasks

  • An Inception report with the detailed work plan, appropriate methodology for data analysis and reporting, timing, roles, and responsibilities of the assignment
  • For data cleaning and analysis right after the execution of data collection by action against Hunger, the winning consultant will be responsible clean and analyzing the dataset on the pre-defined indicators. Thus, the firm is mandated to share soft copies of an electronic copies of coded raw data and processed data along with syntax
  • Draft report: the consultant is required to share the draft report prepared by bases and proactively address the comments (if any) provided by the organization’s technical team
  • Final report: the final report should address all comments given at the draft stage and the report should separately for each base and a single general report for the country
  • Presentation of the key findings: subsequent to the submission of the final report, the consultant will present the key findings and recommendations of the report to the organization’s senior management and technical group
  • Report briefer: At the end, the consultant is expected to develop two/three pages of summary reports.

Users of the Survey

The main users of this finding will be the organization, partners, and stakeholders to inform their future humanitarian and development programming.

3. Minimum Requirements

a. Profile of consulting firm

  • The consulting firm must have undertaken similar works in Ethiopia and specifically in-depth annual assessment
  • Demonstrable experience (at least 7 years) in research/ evaluation of projects related to the sectors (Health and nutrition, protection, Food security and livelihoods, and WASH)
  • Ability to conduct high-quality research, meet deadlines and respond to requests and feedback provided timely and appropriately.
  • Proof reporting writing skills with particular experience in execution of a multisectoral and multi-region context
  • Excellent track record in analyzing and writing quantitative and qualitative research, and evaluation.
  • Familiarity with international quality and accountability standards applied in development cooperation,
  • Excellent communication skills for report writing and presentation of research and evaluation of projects backed by extensive technical reports and publications.

b. Lead consultant and evaluators

  •  The lead consultant should have a minimum Master’s degree in rural development with very good knowledge of food security, resilience building, and knowledge of integrated interventions:
  • public health, nutrition, agricultural, and livestock systems. Livelihood diversification, environmental/natural resource management, etc.
  • The proposed team must include professionals
  • Call Freely… 9929 for complaints and feedback from the field of public health, rural development/Agricultural economics/food security and livelihoods, and Water and sanitation with relevant degrees.
  • A well-grounded development specialist/ and or any related field with excellent skills in research, monitoring, and evaluation of resilience-building projects,
  • A good understanding of resilience building and Disaster risk management initiatives in Ethiopia
  • Experience in multi-methodological and interdisciplinary approaches and data collection and analysis techniques in the evaluation of development programs.
  • Relevant degree and 15 years experience related to the assignment to be undertaken;
  • Significant experience in coordination, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of programs;
  • Good communications skills and experience in workshop facilitation;
  • A legally registered firm with a renewed license in a related field of business and Tin Number,
  • Experience in working with INGOs and development projects is an asset.

Therefore, companies who fulfill the above-specified criteria are kindly requested to submit their technical and financial proposals on/before 20 consecutive days starting from 20th September 2022 and the final date will be 12th Oct 2022 before 5:00 PM at the below address

Action Against Hunger Ethiopia Mission Addis Ababa Office

Bole Sub City, Woreda 04, House No 533 and 50 meters from

Chaka Coffee (Chechenia) roundabout.

If you need any assistance, please call on the office phones:

+251-11 470 2394 or 0913-68-57-04

(Footnotes)

  1. The assessment will be conducted if and only if the current security situation will be restored and staff being operated on the base
  2. If the situation will continue in the Waghimra zone, the assessment will be undertaken in the South Gondar zone
  3. The two intervention camps are taken as zonal and Woreda structures for the sampling purpose. Purposely Pagak inception center is excluded from the assessment
  4. Among all zones, two refugee camps will be purposely selected and again will take/decide on one host community zone from the two of them.